I am writing a snakemake that, up to now should

  1. use raw sequencing reads to produce a draft assembly using canu
  2. use minimap2 to align the raw reads against the draft assembly, generated by canu.

The following two rules are described below:

rule canu:
        fqdir + "{sample}.fastq"
        "/home/bhinckel/downloads/canu-1.9/Linux-amd64/bin/canu genomeSize=4.1m -p {wildcards.sample} -d {output} -nanopore-raw {input}"

rule minimap:
        reads = fqdir + "{sample}.fastq",
        draft_assembly = "{sample}/canu/{sample}.contigs.fasta"
        "minimap2 -ax map-ont {input.draft_assembly} {input.reads} > {output}"

However, if I do snakemake -np I get Missing input files for rule minimap. Which does make sense, after all I am not specifying the input for rule minimap ({sample}/canu/{sample}.contigs.fasta) anywhere i.e. snakemake cannot know that the file {sample}/canu/{sample}.contigs.fasta will be generated by canu.

The thing is that canu produces several files as output (amongst which the file {sample}/canu/{sample}.contigs.fasta is one of them), that's why I specified its output as a directory.

One way of solving this I guess would be to specify all output files produced by canu as an individual rule output (e.g. {sample}/canu/{sample}.contigs.fasta, {sample}/canu/{sample}.report, {sample}/canu/{sample}.correctedReads.fasta.gz), though I am looking for a more robust way to do so (if that's possible at all).


1 Answer 1


Another way is to add one command after minimap: touch done.txt. This creates an empty file after minimap is finished. This can then be used in output rule for snakemake.

But specifying all the output files may not be a bad idea if these outputs are used in subsequent rules.


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