I writing here because I have some questions for you.

I wondered what the essential differences were between paired-end, mate-pair and long read?

for me mate-pair and classic paired-end are both paired-end reads, with the difference that :

  1. For classical paired-end: the insert size on classic paired-end is smaller (about 500bp)
  2. while the insert size of mate-pair is much longer (several Kb) which allows to join the contiguous between them especially is it?

In revenge for the long-reads, I imagine that they are simply reads that are synthesized with a large read size but that do not allow like the maite-pair to make junctions between contigs?


1 Answer 1


They are all very different in separate regards, but they all refer to different wet-lab and sequencing protocols/technologies.

First, PE (paired end) reads are typically short (50-300) reads, most often Illumina HiSeq, MiSeq or NovaSeq protocols. Both pairs originate from a single fragment which is sequenced from either end:

------> PE1
-------------------------------- Fragment
                         <------ PE2
       ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^        Insert

In contrast mate pairs arise from a fragment that is circularized before sequencing. Now imagine the fragment is circularized:

                     -----> MP1
          MP2 <-----
                    ^Circularized (joined) here

Long reads typically refer to PacBio or Oxford nanopore data, with very long reads lengths (up to several hundred kb).

  • $\begingroup$ thank you very much for your time, as you can see ATpoint gave a link where I also asked a question in respond to a post, sorry for the duplication... $\endgroup$ Commented Oct 17, 2020 at 16:57

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