I was going over different sequencing library protocols and noticed that the adapter sequence can vary between protocols. In some adapter sequences the index sits between the primer binding site and the insert. In this case during sequencing the index will be sequenced and then the insert that comes right after it. In other cases, the adapter sequence is built so that the index is outside the primer binding site, i.e. index - primer binding site - insert (see two leftmost parts of the attached figure). Here the insert is sequenced using the Read1 primer and afterwards the index is sequenced in a separate reaction using the 17 index primer.
In this case are the index reads just added on to the ends of the insert reads in the FastQ files? Is there a way to tell from the FastQ files where the index was positioned within the adapter?