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Can you please help me in a technical issue? We sent some samples to single cell sequencing The company says

Many of the reads were not assigned to cell-associated barcodes. This could be caused by high levels of ambient RNA or by a significant population of cells with a low RNA content, which the algorithm did not call as cells. The latter case can be addressed by inspecting the data to determine the appropriate cell count and using --force-cells.

This would happen if the cells aren’t transcriptionally active – but as these are PBMCs this is unusual .

Have you ever heard about such a problem? Any solution in this case? sending more sample of each patient for sequencing or comparing single cell with matched bulk RNA-seq which one help?

10X say they would do deep sequencing (covering the cost) to get something for us but I don't know why my boss says we should compare single cell with matched bulk RNA-seq.

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  • $\begingroup$ This is not a bioinformatics problem, it's a sample/library prep problem. $\endgroup$
    – swbarnes2
    Jun 14 at 15:26
  • $\begingroup$ Are these single cells or single nuclei? Fresh or preserved in some way? $\endgroup$ Jun 14 at 18:33
  • $\begingroup$ Agreed, but further bioinformatics might help better diagnose the issue, e.g. fastQC $\endgroup$ Jun 14 at 18:34
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Answer from @devon-ryan, converted from comment:

Comparing with matched bulk RNA-seq isn't reasonably related to this, unless you want to ensure the pseudo-bulk is similarish to the actual bulk. Of course they'll be different, but I suppose if you had enough samples and enough background knowledge about what to expect maybe you could get an idea whether the pseudo-bulk way reasonable, which would hit at whether the scRNA-seq was OK. But realistically you'd need a lot of experience with these exact cells in bulk and scRNA-seq to do that. Otherwise, it's a waste of time.

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From what was described, mostly likely they ran cellranger and usually you can get a summary report like this

One of the metric would be Fraction Reads in Cells and I think this is what they are referring to this.

My suggestion would be to ask for the report from cellranger and check the metrics and the different plots. If what you have are indeed pbmcs, the reason is most likely not a lot of cells made it into droplets.

Submitting another sample will not help unless you can ensure the cells are of good enough quality, otherwise you will not get much cells back

Sequencing it deeper does not help as well because you are basically sequencing RNA of so called ambient DNA, and it does not give you useful information.

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