In DESeq2 you can identify your differentially expressed (DE) genes using the results function. I noticed people in my lab using the results() function with the minimum number of arguments supplied (below) and then converting the resulting object to a data frame filtering for the genes they considered DE (where they considered a fold change of +/- 2 and a p-value of 0.05 to be DE).
res1 <- results(dds, contrast(condition, treated, untreated))
Alternatively, I noticed that the results function allows you to set both the P-value and minimum fold change when you use the 'altHypothesis' argument (below). The resulting list from using this method is considerably shorter than the list from manually filtering for the same P-value and fold change. I am aware that that by using the 'altHypothesis' argument it comparisons are made using a Wald test rather than a LRT test, however, I am completely unfamiliar with these two tests and I was not able to understand their significant differences in the context of RNA-seq analysis.
res1 <- results(dds, contrast(condition, treated, untreated), alpha = 0.1, lfcThreshold = 1, altHypothesis = "greaterAbs")
Due to the difference in size of the lists, and the goal of being consistent moving forward for the lab, does anyone have any insight as too which one is better? Neither myself or my lab are particularly used to this analysis but we would like to try to follow best practices as much as possible.