I am dealing with several genes in my dataset. For each of the genes, I have built gene tree, with their best estimated model. I am intended to look into the effect of the tree from concatenated sequences (supermatrix tree), using Maximum Likelihood approach.
I am considering two options to apply the model for the supermatrix tree inference.
- Obtain a single best estimated model for the supermatrix gene
- Apply partitioned model for the supermatrix gene, based on each gene's model
From what I have read in most if not all of the research articles, they seemed to be using option 1, where a single model applied for the supermatrix tree inference. Since the purpose of using evolutionary model is to describe the changes in the gene and given that the evolution pattern in each gene differ, why wouldn't the respective model of each gene be considered in the tree inference?
Dataset A: gene1 and gene2 are having LG and WAG model respectively as the best estimated model. But when the two genes are being concatenated, it turned out that LG is the best model for the matrix. It seemed that most if not all of the experiment opts for option 1 in this case. Theoretically, will the supermatrix tree using option 1 and option 2 in the model application still similar? Also, will the evolutionary pattern in gene2 still being represented correctly on the tree when we opt for option 1 in the supermatrix? Or it actually does not impact much on the calculation of the tree?
Dataset B: gene1 and gene2 are having LG as their best estimated model. The concatenated matrix has LG as its best estimated model too. Will model partitioning has any effect in this case? Does the ML tree/site likelihood calculation affected by the length of the input sequences?