Questions tagged [annotation]

The process of attaching contextual information to a biomolecular (DNA, RNA, or protein) sequence, such as the location of genes, promoters, or repeats in genomic DNA, or the function of a protein.

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15 views

Correspondance of SARS-CoV-2 annotations (Nextclade - Pangolin)

Is there any annotation file providing correspondence between Nextclade and Pangolin variant nomenclature/annotations, to annotate some SARS-CoV-2 genomes from Gisaid with both these? For the moment I ...
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1answer
168 views

Get genomic coordinates using GenomicFeatures by HGNC gene names

I want to get coordinates of human genes from my list (consisting of hgnc genes id) using GenomicFeatures and TxDb.Hsapiens.UCSC.hg19.knownGene R packages from Bioconductor. ...
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How to interpret KEGG's qualifiers in gene list for Cyanidioschyzon merolae?

Looking at the gene descriptions of Cyanidioschyzon merolae's gene in the KEGG REST API, it is not clear to me what some of the qualifying adjectives mean. My understanding is that they have (mostly) ...
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30 views

What does 'Human Alternative sequence Gene' mean in Ensembl?

I have downloaded a dataset containing RNA-Seq RPKM (reads per kilobase per million) values for 52376 genes (in humans). To find RPKM values for the gene KIR2DL2 in the dataset, I have to search for ...
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1answer
36 views

Hg38 annotation tracks retrieval

I want to retrieve an annotation object (as GRanges) containing different UCSC annotation tracks such as CpG Islands, TSS, TFBS and promoters for hg38 Human reference genome. But "UCSC Genes"...
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1answer
30 views

Ensembl Variant Effect Predictor (VEP) issue during execution

I got this error during execution, pls guide me. ...
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2k views

5'UTR and 3'UTR annotation in yeast

I am working on a project in which I need to compute several parameters (such GC content and length) of 5'UTR and 3'UTR sequences of Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast genes. The problem is finding a ...
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16 views

How to train annotations tools

I would like to train Augustus, SNAP and GlimmerHMM. I found protein sequences in GenBank and orthodb.org. Furthermore, I found HMM files on busco-data.ezlab.org. ...
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1answer
20 views

Demovir produces an empty output

I am new to bioinformatics and am working on viral metagenomic (virome) datasets and so would like to use Demovir for doing taxonomic annotations on my viral contigs. First, I installed all ...
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1answer
848 views

What does the number mean in an HGVSp annotation?

Let's take the example p.Arg452Pro that I got from an annotated VCF file that contains an HGVSp column. What does ...
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1answer
92 views

Given a .gb file and a locus - how to get relevant annotations in Python?

Given a .gb file and a specific locus in the genome - how can I retrieve the relevant annotations in Python (i.e., annotations that include that locus)? I could ...
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1answer
41 views

Problem with Seurat reference mapping

I have 10X scRNA-seq multiome's 3' poly-A capture (scRNA-seq+ATAC-seq) from PBMC Using Seuratreference mapping, I mapped my scRNA-seq part on reference PBMC (for ...
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1answer
47 views

Splice variant analysis with ensembl genome/annotation/rna. Which files do I use?

I am running splice variant analysis. I wanted to use NCBI genome but the program works better with ensembl. I am a bit confused on primary vs. top level to use as my reference genome. I also do not ...
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17 views

Transfer annotations from one genome assembly to another

I've got an annotated draft genome assembly made using short and long read strategies. I've also done optical mapping to stitch some of the contigs together, with the goal being chromsome-length ...
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67 views

Genome annotation

I have helped a lab sequence a mitochondrial genome. I used then MITOS to annotate the genome (warning them that I did it just for curiosity as I am not experienced). They submitted the sequence and ...
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3answers
195 views

Filtering VEP annotation file

I am filtering a VEP annotated vcf, trying to maintain just those variants classified as deleterious by SIFTand as damaging (probably or possibly included) by ...
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1answer
104 views

Annotating a .vcf with centimorgan information

Some programs (e.g. shapeit4) automatically annotate an INFO tag into a .vcf file which gives the cumulative genetic distance in cM between each SNP: ...
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1answer
418 views

Why doesn't the mouse GRCm38/mm10 refGene genome annotation file contain non-coding transcripts?

I am new to Bioinformatics and I am exploring the refGene.txt files from the UCSC genome annotation database for several species. My question concerns the Dec. 2011 (GRCm38/mm10) assembly of the ...
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3answers
538 views

Identify non-coding regions from a genome annotation

I have this GTF file and I use the command below on a Linux machine to extract the coding regions of the genome: ...
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1answer
210 views

annotation using ChIPseeker package error

I have differential binding sites object obtain from diffBind (dba.report). I am using the ChIP Seeker package to annotate the peaks but keep getting the following error: Error in (function (classes, ...
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Why does repeatmasker annotate transposons of length 1?

I am working on Mac OSX. I have downloaded RepeatMasker from www.repeatmasker.org. I have downloaded RepBase from www.girinst.org. I have download the WS266 version of the C. elegans genome from ...
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3answers
96 views

differential analysis of chip-seq data

I have several sets of chip-seq data. I called the peaks using Macs2. I am pretty new to the field and I will appreciate any help. I wanted to annotate the peaks and see which peaks are shared between ...
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24 views

SnpEff not correctly annotating multiple-nucleotide polymorphisms

I have some SARS-CoV-2 sequencing data that I'm trying to annotate with SnpEff, however SnpEff doesn't appear to be recognizing multiple adjacent SNPs within the same codon and correctly calling them ...
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1answer
36 views

Annotating gene names or gene IDs to a dataframe containing SNPs?

I have a large data-frame (excel file) of SNPs with genotyping data. I need to filter the data to get SNP information of a specific gene alone. The list is too long to do it manually. I was wondering ...
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21 views

Finding annotated counterpart after BLASTn with efetch (Biopython)

I am creating a pipeline for the identification of unknown transcripts. After a local BLASTn search of the transcripts, I have a large list of the respective hits with different genomes. I have the ...
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1answer
62 views

How to programmatically classify a protein according to its genbank feature

Say I found an interesting protein in a genbank file, e.g.: ...
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1answer
54 views

How to identify genes from a genome assembly of C. Elegans?

I have two full genome assemblies for C. Elegans samples collected from two different geographical areas that I found on WormBase. These are in fasta format. I want to go gene-by-gene and compare the ...
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22 views

Do RepeatModeler results contain functional domains?

The repeat families predicted by RepeatModeler contain known TEs and unknown ones. How do we know whether some of these may actually be a functional domain of a gene? It's predicted as repeats may ...
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1answer
83 views

Genome annotation of a Bacillus strain

I finished the sequencing of the genome of a biocontrol activity strain Bacillus amyloliquefaciens by Illumina hiseq. I have already gone through some papers but there were no details of processing in ...
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2answers
49 views

How to generate Genbank format out of paired end fastq data?

I've unmapped cleaned paired end sequence data in fastq format of a bacterial genome. I want to get a sequence data in Genbank format in the end. What are the exact steps that I have to follow in ...
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119 views

Prokka error message

I am trying to run Prokka but the following error message appears: Could not run command: makeblastdb -hash_index -dbtype prot -in /cluster/software/prokka/1.13.7-gompi-2019a/db/kingdom/Archaea/sprot ...
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1answer
57 views

REMC SNP annotations for transcriptome prediction - epiXcan

I have been trying to use a pipeline for predicting gene expression for a target gene (Although you can do it for many) - the name of this method is epiXcan. Here is a link to the paper: https://www....
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1answer
1k views

Where to download JASPAR TFBS motif bed file?

I am interested in determining if any transcription factor binding site motifs are enriched in some BED files from a DNA methylation experiment. I am looking for a database that has BED Files ...
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59 views

UTR features in gbk files

I have a gbk files for a viral genome that I have used biopython to add features of the 3' and 5' ...
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5answers
207 views

Import a tab-separated file with differing numbers of elements in each row; prokka output

I am using prokka to annotate a bacterial genome: prokka ecoli.fa Prokka is outputting a tab-separated file (called PROKKA_12142017.tsv) with differing numbers of ...
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Finding the relevant annotations for biomarkers

I am looking to find a way to map a list of biomarkers of interest, say genes or bacterial functions, to existing annotation databases. Usually this is done in reverse, as such that based on ...
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20 views

Finding original papers for gene annotations

I am wondering if there's a database to look up the annotation history of an arbitrary gene/ORF, with links to the primary literature for each step of the annotation. I have found that neither NCBI ...
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1answer
37 views

Inheritance annotation for nsSNPs

I am relatively new to SNP analysis. Is there a database to find annotation about the Mendelian inheritance of SNPs? I have a small list of nsSNPs (non-synonymous SNPs) and I need to find how they are ...
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31 views

BAM file filteing to remain best isoform

I ran HiSat2, MarkDuplicate, removed reads with the lower quality score than 40 and finally only kept properly paired reads. After the BAM filtering steps, I used the Scallop results with TransDecoder....
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1k views

How to add cluster name to metadata in Seurat?

I'm working on a Seurat object and want to name the clusters according to 2 values alone (yes/no). So I want to add a new column to metadata and annotate the clusters (UMAP) with it. ...
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49 views

What is tRNAscan-SE bit score?

I have used the command-line version of tRNAscan-SE by Lowe et al. (1997) on the reference genome sequence of C. elegans to predict tRNAs. The programme outputs a table with tRNA locations, amino acid,...
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1answer
3k views

Changing active.ident in Seurat

Im trying to change the active.ident to another column in metadata but this error keeps popping up! I recently upgraded to R version 4.0.2 from 3.6.1 The older version was working but the new one isn'...
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1answer
157 views

renaming IDs in gff3 with BCBio.GFF

I wrote a script which should changes IDs in a GFF3 file. Unfortunately, the below script has two problems. It attaches the new ID to Parent which leads that ...
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1answer
131 views

Decontaminating RNA seqs for de novo transcriptome assembly and annotation of novel eukaryotes

I have raw paired-end RNA-seq reads for two novel eukaryotic species. Some background: the reads represent a copepod (arthropod) species each. The mRNA for each read set was obtained by extracting ...
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72 views

Gffcompare issue: 0 reference transcripts loaded

I am trying to use gffcompare to compare my assembled transcriptome to a reference gtf that contains information about small open reading frames (sORFs). The reference gtf was obtained by processing ...
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Determining a Gene's Unknown Function

I'm a beginner in this field (so pardon my rudimentary knowledge/explanation) trying to understand ways on how I could potentially identify genes of unknown function. I am trying to get as close as I ...
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2answers
254 views

RepeatMasker annotation

I collected my own denovo library using many different tools Pipeline (structure-based ) and I updated all the headers corresponding to RepeatMasker format, to obtain Repeat coverage in the genome and ...
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0answers
28 views

How to (efficiently) search nuccore to retrieve only annotated sequences?

I wish to efficiently search nuccore to retrieve only annotated sequences. By "annotated" I mean that the nuccore entry contains annotation information. An equivalent definition (if I understand ...
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22 views

Is there a built-in parser for the textual feature table that Entrez.efetch returns?

Entrez.efetch helpfully gives me the feature table of a nuccore entry. If I understand correctly, efetch can only return the ...
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4answers
206 views

Purpose of ### (3 consecutive pound signs / hashtags / octothorps) in GFF3

I downloaded the annotation of the C. elegans genome in GFF3 format from Ensembl. I typed the following command, hoping to get the header of the file (lines starting with ...