Questions tagged [blast]

Basic Local Alignment Search Tool: algorithm that finds regions of similarity between a pair of sequences, can be used to query an unknown sequence against a database of known sequences.

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How to confirming exon shuffling from genomic sequence, promoter sequence, and mRNA sequence?

I have the genomic sequence, promoter sequence, and mRNA sequence for a novel gene. It is thought that the gene is derived from exon shuffling of multiple genes. How do I characterize each of the 3 ...
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which NCBI tool is optimized to identify a species from a DNA fragment?

“The Iceman” was a man who lived 5300 years ago and whose body was recovered from an Alpine glacier in 1991. Some fungal material was recovered from his clothing and sequenced. Ice man : found as a ...
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TBLASTN error: Too many positional arguments

I was running tblastn using standalone blast2.9.0+ through Ubuntu Linux, to get the alignment result of a list of protein sequences for same species, against its complete genome file. The command I ...
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82 views

Is there any tool for fuzzy sequence matching?

Note: this question was also asked on biostars are you aware of any tool that is able to perform error-tolerant pattern-matching search on protein FASTA files? For example, I want to know, which ...
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blast nt vs Genbank

What is the difference between these two databases? ftp://ftp.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/blast/db/ and ftp://ftp.ncbi.nih.gov/genbank/ I understand that BLAST database has both nt for nucleotide and np for ...
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Plotting distance tree from blastn output

I'm trying to plot a simple distance tree of my blastn output with nj (like the tree view on NCBI). From what I understood, what I think I should do is extract all the hsps from each alignment re-...
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68 views

Appropriate tool or algorithm for sloppy alignment of degenerate bases

I have an optimization problem where I have a degenerate nucleotide sequence I want to align against subsets of a reference genome (exons, specifically, to make the problem more tractable). The ...
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30 views

Huge variability in blastn speed between same short sequence job

I have been running a couple of blast searches and I am very suprised and somewhat frustrated by the huge variability in job completion time. The specifics of my blast search are as follows: Running ...
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BLAST server download

I discovered that Phytozome's BLAST results look quite nice (please see below). By any chance, does anyone know where to download this BLAST server in order to install it locally for organisms which ...
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Retrieve sequence data from just one geneID and not the identical sequences with blastdbcmd

I'm trying to retrieve the sequence from the gene id in NCBI's nr. If I try doing blastdbcmd -db nr -entry 1008808716 I get with this result: ...
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blast command line

I would to use blastx from command line to analize a library produced with RepeatScout in format .fasta to find new transposable elements. I use this command ...
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How is BLAST's nr database created?

Is there a paper or web page describing the procedure for creating the nr database used by NCBI's BLAST implementation? I presume it's some type of clustering, but I'm curious about how exactly ...
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52 views

Alignment for predicting DNA hybridization?

I am currently working on a Computer Science project where we are trying to build a large set of orthogonal single-stranded DNA sequences. The goal would be to ensure that when put in solution, the ...
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How to filter blast results from blast run against virulence factor database

I downloaded virulence factor database from here , to predict virulence genes from few genomes that my lab sequenced. I performed local blast on the database with default setting and found around ...
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Merging / Concatentating BLAST Databases

I was wondering if any one has had success merging BLAST databases from multiple references? For a concrete example I have hg19 and a bunch of viral and bacterial genomes that all have been index ...
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122 views

taxon exclude list for searching local blast database using blastn

I am looking for a solution to exlude certain entries when searching a local blast nt database (with blastn), specifically the sequences from uncultured / environmental samples, ideally using their ...
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How to retrieve the best-scoring Trinity isoform from blastx results

I'm working on a somewhat unusual transcriptome focused on a killer X chromosome. This chromosome has some new genes, with expression levels quite different from their autosomal paralogs. I've found ...
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Hits in Primer-BLAST not found with programmatic blastn query

Summary: I'm writing an automated tool for designing Sanger sequencing primers (other tools don't do exactly what I want) that will be incorporated in a production diagnostic laboratory for on-demand ...
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Randomness in BLAST

So if you see the BLAST parameters it says The Expected value E is a parameter that describes the number of hits one can "expect" to get by chance when searching a database of particular size. It ...
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468 views

How BLOSUM Matrix is constructed and calculated

I would like to ask how BLOSUM matrix is constructed and calculated ? I read the wikipedia and I still do not understand it. I do not understand the mathematical calculations as I have low knowledge ...
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How to get the longest fasta sequence including all possible switching isoforms of a gene out of isoforms

I am working with RNA-seq data without a reference genome/transcriptome and am instead using a Trinity de novo transcriptome assembly. I analyzed both isoform and gene expression abundances using RSEM....
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435 views

Can't install newest Blast from Conda

I have run into an odd situation, where Anaconda repo page clearly states that the newest version of Blast in Bioconda channel is 2.7.1, however the version Conda wants to install (command ...
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288 views

Fast and reliable alternatives to blast

After some unexpected results (and previously reported) I heard that there are other tools for finding similar sequences besides blast that are faster and more accurate. I only found hmmer, but I don'...
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Finding orthologues using BLAST on the NCBI database

I'm an informatics student who has essentially zero knowledge of biology. I BLASTed my gene and have 1000s of results with very low E values. Where do I go from here if I want to find orthologues?
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API/website for blasting peptide sequence against database of all plant proteomes

I would like to blast a peptide sequence against all available plant proteome databases, i.e. a blastp metaproteome analysis. What tools are available? Which ...
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Does anyone have older versions of NT and 16s RNA DB from NCBI?

I am in search of past years' versions of NT and 16s databases from NCBI. I recently contacted NCBI about this and they replied: Unfortunately, we do not archive past versions of the blast ...
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445 views

Calculating bit score: How do you find lambda and K?

To calculate bitscore from score you can use this equation: $S' = (lambda*S - ln(K)) / ln(2)$ If I am trying to manually calculate the bitscore of an HSP of a pairwise blastn alignment, and I know ...
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How to achieve blast results according to the intuitive interpretation of `-max_target_seqs`?

Very recently a BLAST parameter -max_target_seqs n got a lot of attention. Instead of the intuitive interpretation (return the best ...
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Downloading full search results from BlastKOALA?

I have just started using BlastKOALA KEGG which has been useful in annotating (aminoacid) sequences. This is their website: https://www.kegg.jp/blastkoala/ When you get results, there are links for ...
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164 views

The algorithm behind makeblastdb?

What is the algorithm/concept behind‚makeblastdb? I know makeblastdb produces a .phr, ...
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Bioinformatics approach to dentifing potential PCR primer sequences for transcribed gene

I have an annotated transcriptome and would like to develop PCR primers for particular transcribed genes. My species is a non-model plant. Can I use BLAST or another tool to identify potential PCR ...
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Batch detection of CRISP proteins in fasta file

Probably a naive question. I am inexperienced. I am interested in identifying potential CRISP (Cysteine-rich secretory proteins) in a certain tissue transcriptome (ca. 20k sequences in fasta). I ...
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501 views

How to interpret a PSSM matrix from PSI-Blast - what do the numbers represent?

PSI-Blast on a sequence returns a PSSM matrix file containing two matrices, one to the left, one the the right, for all amino acids: ...
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What does an output of -I for all amino acids mean in a psi-blast pssm matrix file?

I have run psi-blast using the NR database, remotely, with one iteration, for several sequences to calculate an evolutionary profile (PSSM) for each of those sequences. However, many of the PSSM ...
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BLAST(n): No hits found

I am currently exploring the BLAST program, just for testing purpose i generated two FASTA files, containing two genes A and B, such that B is just a motif of repeated 'G's that occurs in A. file A....
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41 views

Will blastn remove sequences from a search with low identity?

I'm using this command (excuse the duplicate naming, I know it's bad form): ...
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Official documentation for textual BLAST output?

This is pretty vexing: I got asked to explain the meaning of the match line in a blastp output, especially the subtle difference between a blank and plus. E.g.: ...
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Is it OK to use Blast+ to query NCBI's 16s rRNA database with 16s DNA sequences?

I have 16S DNA sequences from diversity sequencing, and want to query these against NCBI's 16S rRNA database. If I ultimately want to get taxids for the species that my sequences have, does it make a ...
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assigning different characters to present and absent genes from blast output using perl or python

I have file called pangenome.txt which has only one column containing the names of the genes ...
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207 views

Blast hits disappearing after changing -evalue

I was teaching an introduction to bioinformatics when the students and I noticed strange Blast behavior that we couldn't explain. With the default evalue parameter,...
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3k views

How to download the whole BLAST nt database into a specific folder?

I have successfully downloaded the whole nt BLAST database into the current folder using: wget -b "ftp://ftp.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/blast/db/nt.??.tar.gz" However, I ...
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Biopython - extracting query coverage from XML Blast output

I need to extract (or to calculate precisely) the query coverage from Blast output. Now I use NCBIWWW.qblast to query Blast in XML format. Is it possible to know the query coverage parsing the XML ...
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Mirbase and blast locally

I am trying to reproduce locally on my computer what I get running mirbase on their website using BLAST. The search sequences is: mature miRNAs which I had downloaded on my computer and make it as a ...
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Why does a very strong BLAST hit get lost when I change num_alignments, num_descriptions or max_target_seqs parameter?

Disclaimer: This is a self answered question for documentation purpose and I adapted this from the following github gist. Especially from users terrycojones and peterjc as well as sujaikumar who ...
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Error “Can't locate List/MoreUtils.pm in @INC” when I run update_blastdb.pl

I encoutered some technical problem when learning BLAST as below: After I use conda install blast to install ncbi-blast, and run the command: ...
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279 views

How can I only get the species name for fasta sequences from blast results?

I am trying to make a phylogenetic tree from sequences obtained with blast. I have files that contains hundreds of fasta protein sequences which are all named like ...
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103 views

Using large databases with BLAT

I'm a computer scientist working with biologists at a small school that doesn't have dedicated bioinformatics staff. I apologize if I use incorrect terminology since I have limited bioinformatics ...
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871 views

Why is this makeblastdb command not working?

I am trying to make local databases for the ncbi-blast+ package (version 2.60). I am doing so for 4 T-cell receptor genes. 3 of the 4 (TRAV, TRAJ, TRBV) have worked fine, but I am having problems with ...
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169 views

Transform traditional blast output to `--outfmt 6`

I already run a blastx of many metagenomic databases (raw illumina reads) against the nr database. However, I forgot to add the --outfmt 6 argument to the code and ...
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Major variability in speed of BLAST between proteins

I'm running blast+ searches for a list of proteins using specific parameters. This is my search ...