Questions tagged [phylogenetics]

Phylogenetics is the study of evolutionary relationships among biological entities - often species, individuals or genes.

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23 views

Add segregating sites to branches of a tree

I'm trying to figure out how I would plot a tree with number of segregating sites on display on the branches I'm using acctran from phangorn to plot a parsimony tree (using phydat object from fasta ...
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46 views

how to estimate phylogeny without DNA sequences?

I am new to bioinformatics, I am reading ‘Analysis of Phylogenetics Second Edition and Evolution with R’ from Emmanuel Paradis. I can create phylogeny from DNA sequences, by first calculating the ...
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Unable to use phangorn::phyDat

I am following an example from ‘Analysis of Phylogenetics Second Edition and Evolution with R’ from Emmanuel Paradis. He is doing: I am doing pretty much the same: ...
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36 views

Minimal working example for phylogenetic tree construction in R using an alignment of DNA strings and a vector of names?

I am looking at how to build a phylogenetic tree in R from aligned genetic information (dna sequences). There are multiple ...
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1answer
28 views

How to assess if this strategy is good to have some phylogenetic information?

I have several organisms and I want to calculate for each one of these their codon composition implementing a pairwise distance matrix between these codon vectors to build a phylogenetic tree. ...
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1answer
35 views

Standard for when to collapse phylogenetically uninformative nodes

I have been creating phylogenetic trees using RAxML (using Boostrap + ML) and I end up with a bestTree file, outputted in newick format. When I open up the tree in FigTree, I notice that it collapses ...
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49 views

Relaxed and sequential Phylip format conversion

I routinely use AlignIO in BioPython for manipulating alignments and in context here moving from fasta format to phylip format. Alot of phylogeny packages accept a relaxed (sequence ID) & ...
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1answer
41 views

What does instantaneous rate matrix mean?

PhyML is a tool used for maximum likelihood estimation analysis. I was running a PhyML analysis to check the rate of nucleotide change in DNA sequences and in the PhyML output, there are rate ...
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42 views

Finding out-group in unrooted tree

Im trying to find the out-group in the alignment my data files file a and file b both the case i'm getting NA when i run this ...
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1answer
29 views

Removing stop codons from alignment file for dn/ds calculation

This is one of the question which is very similar to my problem or almost same to my problem I ran with dummy data nucleotide alignment and the amino file it works perfectly fine,i can run the dn/ds ...
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25 views

Calculating Synonymous and non-synonymous

library(seqinr) library(ape) library(phangorn) alignment file data file sylvia.aln <- read.alignment("abhi_seq/all_seq_no_gal.fas", format="fasta") ...
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67 views

parsimony and maximum likelihood tree comparison in R

Maximum Likelihood analysis compares the tips or the species based on their sequence similarity while Parsimony analysis compares the characteristic features among the species. So far I did ...
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1answer
41 views

Motivation behind the neighbor-joining distance matrix recomputation

In each iteration of the neighbour-joining method of phylogenetic trees construction, after joining the nearest neighbours the (additive) distance matrix $D_{m \times m}$ is recomputed as $$d_{ij} = (...
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203 views

Comparing phylogeny in R

So I want to compare the phylogeny created using two methods for example Maximum likelihood and maximum parsimony.Is there any way to compare the two phylogeny ? I did read about phangorn but not ...
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1answer
17 views

Phylogenetics software that can represent collapsed nodes as triangles

I am trying to represent a large (100-300+ sequences) phylogenetic tree in a way that gets my point across. I figured that reducing the number of branches (by collapsing clades which include highly ...
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1answer
29 views

phangorn fasta file read error

Im trying to read a multifasta sequence file into phangorn I get the following error ...
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1answer
33 views

After KEGG and GO analysis, how to make tables+phylogenetic trees

hope everyone is ok. I used Trinity to do a de novo transcriptome assembly, then blastp/blastx and then used Blast2GO software to do KEGG and GO analysis. So i got some txt files with header : for GO ...
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36 views

Phylogenetics analysis between diverse species

Hope everyone is well. So i was appointed with a task, and i need some guidance. Attention, the one that gave me the task may not have explained this very clearly. I will write what he exactly asked ...
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1answer
39 views

Why do we scale the rate matrix of a substitution model to make the average rate of substitution equal 1?

The matrix of transition probabilities for a substitution model Q over time t is found as follows: $e^{Qt}$. Since Q and t only show up as a product, we cannot distinguish time and rate of change. So ...
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51 views

Relationship between the instantaneous rate of change of a continuous time Markov model and the rate of a global clock model?

If continuous-time Markov models contain a parameter q that denotes the instantaneous rate of change and a global/strict clock model is the overall rate of evolution, how are these two parameters ...
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333 views

Are the conclusions in “The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2” legit?

I don't have any background in genetics and bioinformatics, so I ask you if you think that the arguments provided in the article The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2 by Andersen et al. are convincing. In ...
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109 views

Comparing phylogenetic models with different datasets

I'm a linguist interested in phylogenetic tree inference using language data. I'm posting here because I'm using Bayesian phylogenetic methods in my work (probably using BEAST and/or RevBayes). For ...
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1answer
35 views

How to construct the phylogenetic tree of the “High Recombination” genus streptomyces?

I need to construct the phylogenetic tree of the whole genus of streptomyces. And my goal is to find out how my target strep species distributed in the whole strep genus and obtain the distribution ...
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1answer
79 views

Coronavirus phylogeny and evolution

This new article presents the phylogeny of the coronaviruses and the placement of the new coronavirus in it. This made me wonder of what we know about the coronavirus evolution, particularly where it ...
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1answer
68 views

How many single copy gene are needed to construct the phylogenetic tree?

I ran the orthomcl program with genomes of the whole streptomyces genus(from ncbi) as input, but I only got 22 orthologous groups(streptomyces's genome size vary from 2M to 15M, which shows the great ...
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25 views

How to seperate the genus into different group based on th ANI calculation?

I've calculated the ANI of the streptomyces genus, but I'm confused about how to separate them into a different group, could anybody kindly tell me how to do that? Thanks!!!
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39 views

How to construct the phylogenetic tree of the whole genus?

I am confused about how to construct the phylogenetic tree of the streptomyces genus. The taxonomy of the streptomyces genus is mostly based on the MLST method, but now I need to use the gene data ...
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Algorithmic investigation of viral proteins for vaccine design [closed]

I wish to investigate how a virus could be attenuated through targeted mutagenesis by investigating its protein mutations in order to produce an efficacious vaccine. Are there examples where the ...
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2answers
45 views

Download sequences of isoforms

I want to collect all isoforms of all genes (Fasta/Fastq file of nucleotide and protein sequences) Arabidopsis Col-0. I am wondering if there is a straightforward way to download the file from any ...
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1answer
76 views

a package with randomization/permutation tests for genomic analyses

please would you let me know, is there a package in R/python/C that has implemented randomization/permutation tests for joint genomic analyses (an example of joint genomic analyses -- when jointly ...
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2answers
54 views

efetch nucleotide -> protein ids

I'm downloading translated viral genomes initially via Blast - which had shortcomings - and now by efetch. What I want to do is obtain a complete list of all ...
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1answer
30 views

Database with antigens and current vaccines

I am seeking a virological database comprising the following information: vaccine. antibody receptor. Preferably hosting multiple strains/samples of a given virus samples of strain. Any assistance ...
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1answer
52 views

How can i get data set of illness and not illness people?

I'm new to bioinformatic .. i'm reading a paper and what i got that they made a classification for the people if they have a sequence of a disease or not ... ...
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2answers
150 views

How to create a .phy file for constructing a phylogenetic tree?

I'm new here. I need to construct a phylogenetic tree from 16s Sequence data (merged 151 bp) and color the branches/nodes based on my experimental conditions. From this blog, it looks like I need a ....
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180 views

How to generate ultrametric phylogenetic trees?

I have generated rooted species tree with 1000 bootstraps by RAxML. Further, I need to generate ultrametric tree for the same. Therefore, Please suggest me how to generate ultrametric tree from the ...
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1answer
76 views

Detecting whether genome is genetically engineered?

Is there a methodology for detecting whether a genome has been tampered with by a biologist? For instance, say there has been an ebola outbreak such as in "The Andromeda Strain". Is there a way a ...
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3answers
145 views

Edit all the fasta headers using awk

kindly your comment highly appreciated have more than 4k header sequences look like: ...
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0answers
35 views

Algorithmic Information Measurement of Human Genome Databases?

What is the highest data compression ratio achieved on a population of genomes measured to include the compressing algorithm itself? The size of the compressed database approximates its algorithmic ...
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5answers
8k views

Why does the FASTA sequence for coronavirus look like DNA, not RNA?

I'm looking at a genome sequence for 2019-nCoV on NCBI. The FASTA sequence looks like this: ...
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1answer
1k views

Is it possible for coronavirus or SARS to be synthetic?

I have heard several conspiracy theories regarding the origin of the new coronavirus, 2019-nCov. For example that the virus and/or SARS were produced in a laboratory or were some variant of Middle ...
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3answers
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A new paper suggests the Corona Virus has “Uncanny similarity of unique inserts in the 2019-nCoV spike protein to HIV-1” - What does this mean?

Quote: We found 4 insertions in the spike glycoprotein (S) which are unique to the 2019-nCoV and are not present in other coronaviruses. Importantly, amino acid residues in all the 4 inserts have ...
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1answer
427 views

Interpretion of my coronavirus 2019-nCov, Wuhan, China BLAST tree?

This is the BLAST tree of the latest coronavirus out of China (from Wuhan Institute of Virology, China). It seems strange that there is so much divergence from all the other coronaviruses. Is this ...
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2answers
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Ancestry of the coronavirus 2019-nCov, WuHan city, China

In one of the answers to another question about the corona virus a link was given to this phylogenetic analysis of the virus. Can somebody assist a non-bio type here? It seems to show that the ...
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4answers
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Why does the SARS-Cov2 coronavirus genome end in aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa (33 a's)?

The SARS-Cov2 coronavirus's genome was released, and is now available on Genbank. Looking at it... ...
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487 views

What is 'k' in sequencing?

When a DNA sequence is sequenced, I've only ever dealt with A,T,C,G and N which indicates un-identifiable bases. However, I came across a 'k' recently and I had asked another researcher who gave me an ...
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1answer
72 views

Interpreting quantitive outputs from maximum likelihood phylogenetic trees

I ran a calculation in RAxML to determine the majority consensus phylogeny of a maximum likelihood bootstrap (How to show bootstrap values on a phylogenetic tree constructed with RAxML), and I got ...
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1answer
35 views

What software can I use to develop a population haplotype network?

I looking for software to conduct a haplotype network using cytochrome oxidase (CO1) mitochondrial sequence data to study population structure in Anopheles mosquitoes.
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125 views

which NCBI tool is optimized to identify a species from a DNA fragment?

“The Iceman” was a man who lived 5300 years ago and whose body was recovered from an Alpine glacier in 1991. Some fungal material was recovered from his clothing and sequenced. Ice man : found as a ...
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1answer
51 views

How to extract hypervariable region of mitochondrial dna from its fasta file?

Recently I've done some analysis on human mitochondrial DNA and now I want to run the same analysis on only hypervariable regions of mitochondrial DNA to see whether the changes that I have observed ...
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2answers
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How to show bootstrap values on a phylogenetic tree constructed with RAxML

I apologize for this very basic question. With @Michael G.'s help, I have been learning how to use RAxML to build a phylogenetic tree (How to define an outgroup to build a robust amino acid tree) and ...