Questions tagged [phylogenetics]

Phylogenetics is the study of evolutionary relationships among biological entities - often species, individuals or genes.

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Selection analysis based on each leaves as foreground with FastCodeML

I have to test the selection for each leaves in a phylogenetic tree. In normal case(with codeml), I will be running model zero for all leaves and then model 2 for each leaves as foreground (marking ...
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Consensus on how to select SNPs for creating a phylogeny when the full dataset is too large

I have got a quite large VCF file (about 20k samples with 160k SNPs after filtering for quality etc.) and I would like to get a phylogeny for it. However, the whole dataset's too large for my ...
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118 views

How many single copy gene are needed to construct the phylogenetic tree?

I ran the orthomcl program with genomes of the whole streptomyces genus(from ncbi) as input, but I only got 22 orthologous groups(streptomyces's genome size vary from 2M to 15M, which shows the great ...
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174 views

Merging ssu-align alignments

ssu-align is an HMM-based MSA tool for ribosome's small subunit (SSU) sequences. It's bundled with three SSU models: archaeal, bacterial eukaryotic Approach Given a set of archaeal and ...
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Does the alignment need to be redone when using SAW method to test long branch attraction?

I am looking into different methods to test the long-branch attraction problem. In this chapter they talk about the SAW method - excluding one and the other taxa from the dataset and see if they ...
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How to get phylogenetic tree from multiple genes?

I constructed a phylogenetic tree using a gene (example - secA). I had to gather the same gene sequence for all the required species from public database-NCBI and then constructed the tree after ...
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1answer
55 views

Is there a Python program that is able to show convergent and divergent evolution on a phylogenetic tree?

I was wondering if there was a Python program that detects convergent and divergent evolution on a tree. I am also curious if it is just better to look at a phylogenetic tree and conclude what is ...
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133 views

Comparing phylogenetic models with different datasets

I'm a linguist interested in phylogenetic tree inference using language data. I'm posting here because I'm using Bayesian phylogenetic methods in my work (probably using BEAST and/or RevBayes). For ...
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1answer
30 views

Build tree to calculate beta diversity

I am trying to calculate beta diversity using the UniFrac distance on my data, each sample having OTUs values. To calculate it, I saw it required building a tree with percentages that represented the ...
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40 views

Can't load files into PopART

I am trying to create haplotype networks in PopART which I have successfully done many times in the past. 2 weeks ago the program was working fine for me but recently I am unable to load files. What ...
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57 views

How are the values of prop.part() and prop.clades() calculated?

Consider the following dataset: ...
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1answer
42 views

Can ortholog genes have different names among different species?

To be specific, we have different lineages of E. coli. I wondered if the ortholog genes among them should all have the same name in all lineages or can they also have different names?
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Difference in BLAST and eggNOG

Note: this question has also been asked on Biostars This is question regarding the tools rather than the concepts. I am a freshman at college and I am a working on an evolutionary biology of ...
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How to decide whether to assume 2 Gene Losses or 1 to find minimum cost trees for Gene Duplication/Expression events?

This paper introduces an approach to estimate a convergence from discord between phylogenetic species trees and gene trees, using Gene Duplication and Expression events. A Gene Duplication (GD) event ...
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593 views

How to generate ultrametric phylogenetic trees?

This question has also been asked on Biostars I am going to use ultrametric tree for downstream analysis. I would like to see use the ultrametric tree for Ranger-DTL for infer gene family evolution by ...
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How to run a phylogenetic analysis with non-independent data?

These are the facts: I am working with some morphological features. Each trait can have one of the following three states: 0, 1, 2. State 0 is always independent. But if there is a trait with state 1, ...
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1answer
85 views

Are there any resources for calculating / representing evolutionary relationships within gene clusters?

I am working with a gene cluster found in several species. The genes involved are pretty much the same, with the odd insertion, but they can be often found in different orientations. So, I can't just ...
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1answer
486 views

Program to make a haplotype network for a specific gene

Currently my lab manually uses pop art to make the network after using PHASE to id an individual's alleles. Example: I just feel like there's got to be a better, more time effective way to do this.
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What is the best method to estimate a phylogenetic tree from a large dataset of >1000 loci and >100 species

I have a large phylogenomic alignment of >1000 loci (each locus is ~1000bp), and >100 species. I have relatively little missing data (<10%). I want to estimate a maximum-likelihood ...
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Computing Maximum Agreement Subtree of two unrooted phylogenetic trees with PhyloNet?

I am using PhyloNet to compute the MAST of two unrooted binary phylogenetic trees but I am not getting the output that I should. I think the issue might be with the way I am writing the trees in the ...
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72 views

Help with identifying disease modules [closed]

I've made an application that at this point ranks all combinations of drug pairs relevant to a biological network/graph in the order of how disruptive the outcome of deleting the targets of a given ...
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97 views

Is there an R package that computes homoplasy excess ratios (HER)?

I want to calculate the homoplasy excess ratio for a phylogenetic tree, for example homoplasy resulting from recombination. I am wondering if there are any R packages out there that will do this? I ...
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How is the instantaneous rate of an instantaneous rate matrix determined?

In molecular evolution, I know that the instantaneous rate of the rate matrix is the limit of the rate as time approaches 0, but what I don't understand is how this rate is established or what I can ...
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Mrbayes stop at certain generation without error

I am using Mrbayes v 3.2.7 MPI version to infer phylogeny, and I set the ngeneration to 10,000,000, but it often stop at certain generation (usually far smaller than given generations). Even if I ...
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382 views

mrbayes, Sumt ; Error when setting parameter "Filename" (1)

question 1 I wanted to use sumt command after completion of mcmc run. Whenever I use, sumt Filename=infile.nex, it gives me the error: ...
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1answer
29 views

Dataset showing evolution of gene

As a way to exemplify how the hierarchical clustering of particular DNA sequences can be used to derive phylogenetic trees, I'm looking for a (even very small) dataset of the same genes (or other ...
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Can we use reference strain as an out-group strain to root SNP based species tree?

I have generated a species tree based on whole-genome SNP using CSI_SNP_Phylogeny, wherein I used Reference strain as an outgroup to root my species tree (SNP fasta were downloaded and RaxML used to ...
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48 views

Fitting branch models with godon

Is it possible to fit branch models (Yang and Nielsen, 1998) in godon? That is, the model which averages over all sites, as opposed to the branch site models?
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71 views

How does one convert a log-likelihood substitution matrix into a probability matrix?

I am trying to calculate the substitution probabilities for amino acids (i.e. the probability of one amino acid given another). In theory, you should be able to derive them from a log-likelihood ...
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1answer
79 views

How to construct the phylogenetic tree of the "High Recombination" genus streptomyces?

I need to construct the phylogenetic tree of the whole genus of streptomyces. And my goal is to find out how my target strep species distributed in the whole strep genus and obtain the distribution ...
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2answers
347 views

PDB file downloading: pymol automation vs. manual

I automated a PDB download using a Pymol script (below) ...
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1answer
107 views

What origins for virus HIV1?

What origins for virus HIV1? This is the alignment of a small part of the POL protein of the HIV1 virus GenBank KU749412.1, with the POL protein of the Visna virus GenBank L06906.1 ...
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How to extract clusters from a phylogenetic tree?

I am using Biopython Phylo and RDkit Cluster to obtain a UPGMA tree from a distance matrix of 5k x 5k entries. How can I extract clustered entry names given a number of clusters? For example, Bio....
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149 views

Algorithmic investigation of viral proteins for vaccine design [closed]

I wish to investigate how a virus could be attenuated through targeted mutagenesis by a priori prediction of attenuating amino acid mutations. In particular, I am seeking bioinformatic solutions where ...
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65 views

How to get % similarity between strains and mutation files

I’m very new to python, and having some difficulty getting hang of some more complicated things I have multiple files which look like so: hCoV-19/Singapore/4/2020|EPI_ISL_410535|2020-02-03 hCoV-19/...
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1answer
98 views

Coronavirus phylogeny and evolution

This new article presents the phylogeny of the coronaviruses and the placement of the new coronavirus in it. This made me wonder of what we know about the coronavirus evolution, particularly where it ...
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Comparison of phylogeny of SARS2 whole genome vs spike genome

I’ve built two phylogeny at minimum evolution in MEGA-X and extracted these as newick files. My next step is to compare the two phylogeny to look at if the mutations within SARS2 are more prevalent ...
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459 views

Interpretion of my coronavirus 2019-nCov, Wuhan, China BLAST tree?

This is the BLAST tree of the latest coronavirus out of China (from Wuhan Institute of Virology, China). It seems strange that there is so much divergence from all the other coronaviruses. Is this ...
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543 views

Are the conclusions in "The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2" legit?

I don't have any background in genetics and bioinformatics, so I ask you if you think that the arguments provided in the article The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2 by Andersen et al. are convincing. In ...
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2answers
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Detecting whether genome is genetically engineered?

Is there a methodology for detecting whether a genome has been tampered with by a biologist? For instance, say there has been an ebola outbreak such as in "The Andromeda Strain". Is there a way a ...
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1answer
86 views

How can i get data set of illness and not illness people?

I'm reading a virology paper where the authors made a classification for the patients as to whether they had a specific disease outcome or not against the underlying sequence ... The research focused ...
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1answer
61 views

Plot information stored in dataframe within a tree (ggtree)

Hello to the entire Stackoverflow community! I'm writing to you because I'm currently building a phylogeny with ggtree and I have in parallel a table like this one: df : ...
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113 views

Perfect Phylogeny vs Maximum parsimony

I am searching various sources about phylogenetics. I saw some materials about perfect phylogeny and also phylogenies acquired from maximum parsimony constraint. They seem very similar to me. Are they ...
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A new paper suggests the Corona Virus has "Uncanny similarity of unique inserts in the 2019-nCoV spike protein to HIV-1" - What does this mean?

Quote: We found 4 insertions in the spike glycoprotein (S) which are unique to the 2019-nCoV and are not present in other coronaviruses. Importantly, amino acid residues in all the 4 inserts have ...
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257 views

Download complete Phylogenetic Tree as JSON

I would like to integrate the phylogenetic tree into a website. Does anyone know where I can download the complete tree? Best would be a JSON, which looks something like this: ...
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1answer
31 views

panic: division of zero by zero or infinity by infinity error when running GODON positive selection analysis

I am using godon to find genes under positive selection with the branch-site test. However, after running for a little while I get the error "panic: division ...
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2answers
64 views

Motivation behind the neighbor-joining distance matrix recomputation

In each iteration of the neighbour-joining method of phylogenetic trees construction, after joining the nearest neighbours the (additive) distance matrix $D_{m \times m}$ is recomputed as $$Q_{ij} = (...
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15 views

Comparing groups of 16S rRNA sequences - how to?

I have several groups of 16S rRNA sequences associated with taxonomic groups (let's call them A, B and C). The sequences within each group have a common ancestor and are on average more closely ...
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195 views

which NCBI tool is optimized to identify a species from a DNA fragment?

“The Iceman” was a man who lived 5300 years ago and whose body was recovered from an Alpine glacier in 1991. Some fungal material was recovered from his clothing and sequenced. Ice man : found as a ...
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After KEGG and GO analysis, how to make tables+phylogenetic trees

hope everyone is ok. I used Trinity to do a de novo transcriptome assembly, then blastp/blastx and then used Blast2GO software to do KEGG and GO analysis. So i got some txt files with header : for GO ...