Questions tagged [phylogenetics]

Phylogenetics is the study of evolutionary relationships among biological entities - often species, individuals or genes.

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UPGMA computation

The unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) is a hierarchical clustering method, for example used in phylogeny. In a phylogenetic tree it would result in a global molecular clock ...
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How to get phylogenetic tree from multiple genes?

I constructed a phylogenetic tree using a gene (example - secA). I had to gather the same gene sequence for all the required species from public database-NCBI and then constructed the tree after ...
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Kraken2 > OTU format > Phyloseq

A collaborator has passed me over Kraken2 outputs *.report and *.kraken, from a metatranscriptomic sequencing experiment conducted on the minION. I would like to make a tree if the data using a ...
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4 votes
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Comparing phylogenetic models with different datasets

I'm a linguist interested in phylogenetic tree inference using language data. I'm posting here because I'm using Bayesian phylogenetic methods in my work (probably using BEAST and/or RevBayes). For ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Can't load files into PopART

I am trying to create haplotype networks in PopART (Population genetics with Reticulated Trees*) which I have successfully done many times in the past. Two weeks ago the program was working fine for ...
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How are the values of prop.part() and prop.clades() calculated?

Consider the following dataset: ...
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2 votes
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Build tree to calculate beta diversity

I am trying to calculate beta diversity* using the UniFrac distance on my data, each sample having OTUs values. To calculate it, I saw it required building a tree with percentages that represented the ...
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How to extract clusters from a phylogenetic tree?

I am using Biopython Phylo and RDkit Cluster to obtain a UPGMA tree from a distance matrix of 5k x 5k entries. How can I extract clustered entry names given a number of clusters? For example, Bio....
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How snippy makes MSA-like aligned fasta output from multiple samples?

From the log file it seems snippy doesn't do assembly. It only does mapping: fastq --> SAM --> BAM --> VCF --> consensus_seq/snps But if multiple ...
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2 votes
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How to get bootstrap support of phylogenetic tree?

I have used multiple sequences aligned file of protein data to generate a maximum parsimony tree, then I used the "bootstrap_trees(msa, times, tree_constructor)" ...
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2 votes
1 answer
199 views

Merging ssu-align alignments

ssu-align is an HMM-based MSA tool for ribosome's small subunit (SSU) sequences. It's bundled with three SSU models: archaeal, bacterial eukaryotic Approach Given a set of archaeal and ...
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Difference in BLAST and eggNOG

Note: this question has also been asked on Biostars This is question regarding the tools rather than the concepts. I am a freshman at college and I am a working on an evolutionary biology of ...
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How to decide whether to assume 2 Gene Losses or 1 to find minimum cost trees for Gene Duplication/Expression events?

This paper introduces an approach to estimate a convergence from discord between phylogenetic species trees and gene trees, using Gene Duplication and Expression events. A Gene Duplication (GD) event ...
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Computing Maximum Agreement Subtree of two unrooted phylogenetic trees with PhyloNet?

I am using PhyloNet to compute the MAST of two unrooted binary phylogenetic trees but I am not getting the output that I should. I think the issue might be with the way I am writing the trees in the ...
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Comparison of phylogeny of SARS2 whole genome vs spike genome

I’ve built two phylogeny at minimum evolution in MEGA-X and extracted these as newick files. My next step is to compare the two phylogeny to look at if the mutations within SARS2 are more prevalent ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there a Python program that is able to show convergent and divergent evolution on a phylogenetic tree?

I was wondering if there was a Python program that detects convergent and divergent evolution on a tree. I am also curious if it is just better to look at a phylogenetic tree and conclude what is ...
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Algorithmic Information Measurement of Human Genome Databases?

What is the highest data compression ratio achieved on a population of genomes measured to include the compressing algorithm itself? The size of the compressed database approximates its algorithmic ...
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Calculating the trimming parameter when constructing an additive phylogeny

How do you calculate the trimming parameter when constructing an additive phylogeny? I think it has a relationship with the length of the shortest hanging edge, but I can't figure out how this works.
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How to create a dendrogram of clusters and reconstruct phylogenetic relationship

I'm working with a Daphnia data set looking at the 16s gene pulled from the BOLD database. So far I did a multiple sequence alignment and attempted to cluster and plot a dendrogram: ...
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How to make year scale bar unit in figtree software?

I have generated phylogenetic trees for virus sequences by using beast software. I observed in various research articles that the phylogentic trees also have a scale-bar (which mostly represents ...
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Extract SNPs from multiple sequence alignment

I’m wondering if folks have recommendations for tools/scripts to extract SNP sites from a multiple sequence alignment of consensus bacterial genomes? Specifically, I am interested in a multiple ...
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Select synonymous sites from a multiple sequence alignment

Could someone kindly recommend a tool or R package that can identify synonymous sites in a multiple sequence alignment? I wish to select those taxa for tree reconstruction and other downstream ...
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Selection analysis based on each leaves as foreground with FastCodeML

I have to test the selection for each leaves in a phylogenetic tree. In normal case(with codeml), I will be running model zero for all leaves and then model 2 for each leaves as foreground (marking ...
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Does the alignment need to be redone when using SAW method to test long branch attraction?

I am looking into different methods to test the long-branch attraction problem. In this chapter they talk about the SAW method - excluding one and the other taxa from the dataset and see if they ...
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How to run a phylogenetic analysis with non-independent data?

These are the facts: I am working with some morphological features. Each trait can have one of the following three states: 0, 1, 2. State 0 is always independent. But if there is a trait with state 1, ...
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How is the instantaneous rate of an instantaneous rate matrix determined?

In molecular evolution, I know that the instantaneous rate of the rate matrix is the limit of the rate as time approaches 0, but what I don't understand is how this rate is established or what I can ...
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Mrbayes stop at certain generation without error

I am using Mrbayes v 3.2.7 MPI version to infer phylogeny, and I set the ngeneration to 10,000,000, but it often stop at certain generation (usually far smaller than given generations). Even if I ...
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