Questions tagged [phylogeny]

Phylogeny is a statistical approach for reconstructing evolutionary relationships using trees

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Computing Maximum Agreement Subtree of two unrooted phylogenetic trees with PhyloNet?

I am using PhyloNet to compute the MAST of two unrooted binary phylogenetic trees but I am not getting the output that I should. I think the issue might be with the way I am writing the trees in the ...
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What is the best practice for gene tree - species tree reconcilation?

when you have a gene tree and you reconcile this with a species tree, how important is it to consider multiple forms of species trees? Does it suffice, to use (e.g.) NCBI species tree ? What is the ...
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26 views

Mrbayes stop at certain generation without error

I am using Mrbayes v 3.2.7 MPI version to infer phylogeny, and I set the ngeneration to 10,000,000, but it often stop at certain generation (usually far smaller than given generations). Even if I ...
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1answer
22 views

Build tree to calculate beta diversity

I am trying to calculate beta diversity using the UniFrac distance on my data, each sample having OTUs values. To calculate it, I saw it required building a tree with percentages that represented the ...
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1answer
19 views

How to import a phylogenetic tree (in nexus format) with node support values in R

I have a phylogenetic tree in nexus format that was generated with RAxML. In the tree file, there are node support values. I want to plot this tree in R with the support values showing. However, when ...
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21 views

Create a NHX phylogeny format with r or python

I need help to add information in my phylogenetic tree on each branch. I have two pieces of information at my disposal: 1 ) A phylogenetic tree in newick format : <...
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27 views

Dataset showing evolution of gene

As a way to exemplify how the hierarchical clustering of particular DNA sequences can be used to derive phylogenetic trees, I'm looking for a (even very small) dataset of the same genes (or other ...
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8 views

Can we use reference strain as an out-group strain to root SNP based species tree?

I have generated a species tree based on whole-genome SNP using CSI_SNP_Phylogeny, wherein I used Reference strain as an outgroup to root my species tree (SNP fasta were downloaded and RaxML used to ...
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1answer
26 views

Consensus on how to select SNPs for creating a phylogeny when the full dataset is too large

I have got a quite large VCF file (about 20k samples with 160k SNPs after filtering for quality etc.) and I would like to get a phylogeny for it. However, the whole dataset's too large for my ...
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1answer
100 views

What origins for virus HIV1?

What origins for virus HIV1? This is the alignment of a small part of the POL protein of the HIV1 virus GenBank KU749412.1, with the POL protein of the Visna virus GenBank L06906.1 ...
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Analyzing and visualizing metagenomic data

I am starting out in metagenomics, Aim I wish to understand the whole analysis from the raw reads to interpretation. Background My current pipeline is used for: analyzing human gut microbiota cleans ...
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1answer
43 views

Plot information stored in dataframe within a tree (ggtree)

Hello to the entire Stackoverflow community! I'm writing to you because I'm currently building a phylogeny with ggtree and I have in parallel a table like this one: df : ...
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1answer
27 views

Measure the purifying selection for certain taxa along a phylogeny

I am posting this message because I need clarity about the analysis I want to perform. In my analysis, I have a homologous gene in 13 species, and I would like to evaluate the selection pressure of ...
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40 views

Comparison of phylogeny of SARS2 whole genome vs spike genome

I’ve built two phylogeny at minimum evolution in MEGA-X and extracted these as newick files. My next step is to compare the two phylogeny to look at if the mutations within SARS2 are more prevalent ...
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2answers
168 views

Download complete Phylogenetic Tree as JSON

I would like to integrate the phylogenetic tree into a website. Does anyone know where I can download the complete tree? Best would be a JSON, which looks something like this: ...
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1answer
29 views

panic: division of zero by zero or infinity by infinity error when running GODON positive selection analysis

I am using godon to find genes under positive selection with the branch-site test. However, after running for a little while I get the error "panic: division ...
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27 views

GCF VS GCA or combination of both for pangenomic studies

I have just started to learn bioinformatics and pangenomics. So if this question seems to you pretty basic then I apologize in advance. As we know, NCBI for the genome database, there are two kinds of ...
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1answer
47 views

how to estimate phylogeny without DNA sequences?

I am new to bioinformatics, I am reading ‘Analysis of Phylogenetics Second Edition and Evolution with R’ from Emmanuel Paradis. I can create phylogeny from DNA sequences, by first calculating the ...
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49 views

Minimal working example for phylogenetic tree construction in R using an alignment of DNA strings and a vector of names?

I am looking at how to build a phylogenetic tree in R from aligned genetic information (dna sequences). There are multiple ...
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1answer
46 views

Standard for when to collapse phylogenetically uninformative nodes

I have been creating phylogenetic trees using RAxML (using Boostrap + ML) and I end up with a bestTree file, outputted in newick format. When I open up the tree in FigTree, I notice that it collapses ...
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1answer
77 views

What does instantaneous rate matrix mean?

PhyML is a tool used for maximum likelihood estimation analysis. I was running a PhyML analysis to check the rate of nucleotide change in DNA sequences and in the PhyML output, there are rate ...
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1answer
84 views

Adding external annotation to the phylogeny tree

I was looking to overlay annotation on my phylogeny made,which was solved here question asked where i was looking to compare two different phylogeny which i could do. Now i want to label the tips ...
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1answer
43 views

Why does the Genbank phylogenetic tree of 4000 sars-cov-2 sequences only display 200 nodes?

I manually selected all 4000 sequences on the 20 pages of the SARS-CoV-2 sequences on genbank here. When I click on Build phylogenetic tree, it only has 200 nodes. ...
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1answer
33 views

Generate an approapite output from DNaSP6 to Arlequin program

I am performing a haplotype and nucleotide diversity of my Sanger sequences (from Watermelon mosaic virus coat protein region) by Arlequin program with the aim to see the probability that two randomly ...
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1answer
133 views

Can I use BioEdit to quantify the sequence similarity?

I am using BioEdit. It can perform an align of multiple sequences. Can this sequence similarity be outputted as a value, e.g. 70%?
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1answer
33 views

Assemble reads for a specific gene

I have a lot of unassembled sequencing data and I want to build phylogeny for some genes from these data. I can retrieved the sequene by mapping reads to a reference sequence but if the two species ...
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1answer
38 views

After KEGG and GO analysis, how to make tables+phylogenetic trees

hope everyone is ok. I used Trinity to do a de novo transcriptome assembly, then blastp/blastx and then used Blast2GO software to do KEGG and GO analysis. So i got some txt files with header : for GO ...
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36 views

Phylogenetics analysis between diverse species

Hope everyone is well. So i was appointed with a task, and i need some guidance. Attention, the one that gave me the task may not have explained this very clearly. I will write what he exactly asked ...
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1answer
42 views

Why do we scale the rate matrix of a substitution model to make the average rate of substitution equal 1?

The matrix of transition probabilities for a substitution model Q over time t is found as follows: $e^{Qt}$. Since Q and t only show up as a product, we cannot distinguish time and rate of change. So ...
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1answer
53 views

Relationship between the instantaneous rate of change of a continuous time Markov model and the rate of a global clock model?

If continuous-time Markov models contain a parameter q that denotes the instantaneous rate of change and a global/strict clock model is the overall rate of evolution, how are these two parameters ...
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1answer
451 views

Are the conclusions in “The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2” legit?

I don't have any background in genetics and bioinformatics, so I ask you if you think that the arguments provided in the article The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2 by Andersen et al. are convincing. In ...
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118 views

Comparing phylogenetic models with different datasets

I'm a linguist interested in phylogenetic tree inference using language data. I'm posting here because I'm using Bayesian phylogenetic methods in my work (probably using BEAST and/or RevBayes). For ...
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1answer
54 views

How to construct the phylogenetic tree of the “High Recombination” genus streptomyces?

I need to construct the phylogenetic tree of the whole genus of streptomyces. And my goal is to find out how my target strep species distributed in the whole strep genus and obtain the distribution ...
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1answer
96 views

Coronavirus phylogeny and evolution

This new article presents the phylogeny of the coronaviruses and the placement of the new coronavirus in it. This made me wonder of what we know about the coronavirus evolution, particularly where it ...
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1answer
85 views

How many single copy gene are needed to construct the phylogenetic tree?

I ran the orthomcl program with genomes of the whole streptomyces genus(from ncbi) as input, but I only got 22 orthologous groups(streptomyces's genome size vary from 2M to 15M, which shows the great ...
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30 views

How to seperate the genus into different group based on th ANI calculation?

I've calculated the ANI of the streptomyces genus, but I'm confused about how to separate them into a different group, could anybody kindly tell me how to do that? Thanks!!!
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1answer
48 views

How to construct the phylogenetic tree of the whole genus?

I am confused about how to construct the phylogenetic tree of the streptomyces genus. The taxonomy of the streptomyces genus is mostly based on the MLST method, but now I need to use the gene data ...
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1answer
149 views

Algorithmic investigation of viral proteins for vaccine design [closed]

I wish to investigate how a virus could be attenuated through targeted mutagenesis by a priori prediction of attenuating amino acid mutations. In particular, I am seeking bioinformatic solutions where ...
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2answers
45 views

Download sequences of isoforms

I want to collect all isoforms of all genes (Fasta/Fastq file of nucleotide and protein sequences) Arabidopsis Col-0. I am wondering if there is a straightforward way to download the file from any ...
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1answer
93 views

a package with randomization/permutation tests for genomic analyses

please would you let me know, is there a package in R/python/C that has implemented randomization/permutation tests for joint genomic analyses (an example of joint genomic analyses -- when jointly ...
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2answers
68 views

efetch nucleotide -> protein ids

I'm downloading translated viral genomes initially via Blast - which had shortcomings - and now by efetch. What I want to do is obtain a complete list of all ...
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1answer
39 views

Database with antigens and current vaccines

I am seeking a virological database comprising the following information: vaccine. antibody receptor. Preferably hosting multiple strains/samples of a given virus samples of strain. Any assistance ...
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1answer
86 views

How can i get data set of illness and not illness people?

I'm reading a virology paper where the authors made a classification for the patients as to whether they had a specific disease outcome or not against the underlying sequence ... The research focused ...
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2answers
355 views

How to create a .phy file for constructing a phylogenetic tree?

I'm new here. I need to construct a phylogenetic tree from 16s Sequence data (merged 151 bp) and color the branches/nodes based on my experimental conditions. From this blog, it looks like I need a ....
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391 views

How to generate ultrametric phylogenetic trees?

I have generated rooted species tree with 1000 bootstraps by RAxML. Further, I need to generate ultrametric tree for the same. Therefore, Please suggest me how to generate ultrametric tree from the ...
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2answers
94 views

Detecting whether genome is genetically engineered?

Is there a methodology for detecting whether a genome has been tampered with by a biologist? For instance, say there has been an ebola outbreak such as in "The Andromeda Strain". Is there a way a ...
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0answers
35 views

Algorithmic Information Measurement of Human Genome Databases?

What is the highest data compression ratio achieved on a population of genomes measured to include the compressing algorithm itself? The size of the compressed database approximates its algorithmic ...
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5answers
8k views

Why does the FASTA sequence for coronavirus look like DNA, not RNA?

I'm looking at a genome sequence for 2019-nCoV on NCBI. The FASTA sequence looks like this: ...
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1answer
1k views

Is it possible for coronavirus or SARS to be synthetic?

I have heard several conspiracy theories regarding the origin of the new coronavirus, 2019-nCov. For example that the virus and/or SARS were produced in a laboratory or were some variant of Middle ...
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A new paper suggests the Corona Virus has “Uncanny similarity of unique inserts in the 2019-nCoV spike protein to HIV-1” - What does this mean?

Quote: We found 4 insertions in the spike glycoprotein (S) which are unique to the 2019-nCoV and are not present in other coronaviruses. Importantly, amino acid residues in all the 4 inserts have ...