Questions tagged [phylogeny]

Phylogeny is a statistical approach for reconstructing evolutionary relationships using trees

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80 views

Plot information stored in dataframe within a tree (ggtree)

Hello to the entire Stackoverflow community! I'm writing to you because I'm currently building a phylogeny with ggtree and I have in parallel a table like this one: df : ...
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1answer
237 views

What is a site in a phylogenetic tree?

When I read about a term related to phylogenetics, for example, $K_a$/$K_s$ ratio, I constantly see the word site, whose meaning isn't explained and it puzzles me. For example substitutions per ...
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2answers
286 views

Issue with visualising cladogram/phylogenetic tree with multiple sequence alignment data in R?

I would like to visualize tree with multiple sequence alignment. My din.newick file is shown below, ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Simulation of DNA sequences through substitution rates

I'm looking for a little bit of guidance. My question is regarding the simulation of DNA sequences with a fix substitution rate. The majority of the programs for simulating sequences use Continuous ...
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2answers
100 views

Detecting whether genome is genetically engineered?

Is there a methodology for detecting whether a genome has been tampered with by a biologist? For instance, say there has been an ebola outbreak such as in "The Andromeda Strain". Is there a way a ...
2
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1answer
67 views

How to extract hypervariable region of mitochondrial dna from its fasta file?

Recently I've done some analysis on human mitochondrial DNA and now I want to run the same analysis on only hypervariable regions of mitochondrial DNA to see whether the changes that I have observed ...
2
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1answer
125 views

Random addition method for phylogenetic tree reconstruction

I have been working on nucleotide and protein data to reconstruct maximum parsimony trees using MEGA software to get parsimony tree, via "random addition" method is used to generate the initial tree(s)...
2
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1answer
14 views

Constructing a phylogenetic tree for classical MHC genes from different organisms

I am interested in constructing a phylogenetic tree containing the classical HLA α1 and α2 domains and potential classical MHC α1 and α2 domains of a different organism. I am using the amino acid ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Assemble reads for a specific gene

I have a lot of unassembled sequencing data and I want to build phylogeny for some genes from these data. I can retrieved the sequene by mapping reads to a reference sequence but if the two species ...
2
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1answer
90 views

How to construct the phylogenetic tree of the "High Recombination" genus streptomyces?

I need to construct the phylogenetic tree of the whole genus of streptomyces. And my goal is to find out how my target strep species distributed in the whole strep genus and obtain the distribution ...
2
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1answer
42 views

Database with antigens and current vaccines

I am seeking a virological database comprising the following information: vaccine. antibody receptor. Preferably hosting multiple strains/samples of a given virus samples of strain. Any assistance ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Visually summarizing phylogenetic networks

After having worked with Bayesian phylogenetic tree inference for some time, I am now trying out a method to infer network phylogenies. To get an idea of what it infers, I'd like to find a way of ...
2
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1answer
503 views

Program to make a haplotype network for a specific gene

Currently my lab manually uses pop art to make the network after using PHASE to id an individual's alleles. Example: I just feel like there's got to be a better, more time effective way to do this.
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1answer
33 views

Build tree to calculate beta diversity

I am trying to calculate beta diversity using the UniFrac distance on my data, each sample having OTUs values. To calculate it, I saw it required building a tree with percentages that represented the ...
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0answers
109 views

How snippy makes MSA-like aligned fasta output from multiple samples?

From the log file it seems snippy doesn't do assembly. It only does mapping: fastq --> SAM --> BAM --> VCF --> consensus_seq/snps But if multiple ...
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0answers
161 views

How to get bootstrap support of phylogenetic tree?

I have used multiple sequences aligned file of protein data to generate a maximum parsimony tree, then I used the "bootstrap_trees(msa, times, tree_constructor)" ...
2
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1answer
184 views

Merging ssu-align alignments

ssu-align is an HMM-based MSA tool for ribosome's small subunit (SSU) sequences. It's bundled with three SSU models: archaeal, bacterial eukaryotic Approach Given a set of archaeal and ...
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3answers
317 views

What is the best argument for maximum parsimony method in phylogenetic tree construction?

Beside it (maximum parsimony) being compuationally cheap what other good arguments are there for it? Is there any model behind this principle ? Why would one expect this principle to provide right ...
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2answers
39 views

Mapping NCBI taxID to divergence time?

I want to map NCBI taxID, specifically a pair of Genbank sequences, to the divergence time estimate of their common ancestor. For example, using a coalescence theory approach predominantly used in ...
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2answers
304 views

Download complete Phylogenetic Tree as JSON

I would like to integrate the phylogenetic tree into a website. Does anyone know where I can download the complete tree? Best would be a JSON, which looks something like this: ...
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2answers
418 views

How to define an outgroup to build a robust amino acid tree

I building a robust amino acid phylogeny with adequate robustness support (see previous post here). This is a brief summary of what I have done: I performed a BLASTp analysis using a protein sequence ...
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2answers
4k views

How to show bootstrap values on a phylogenetic tree constructed with RAxML

I apologize for this very basic question. With @Michael G.'s help, I have been learning how to use RAxML to build a phylogenetic tree (How to define an outgroup to build a robust amino acid tree) and ...
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1answer
56 views

How to allow "half windows" in biopython?

I am using Biopython to examine protein sequences including the Kyte and Doolittle hydrophobicity. However, for short sequences, this returns an empty value; the value is not allowed if the window ...
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2answers
756 views

What is outliers and how to determine outliers in the following phylogenetic tree?

I an confused with the term 'outlier' and 'outgroup' in phylogeny. Could someone please explain with the example phylogenetic tree above which is the correct term? Thank you very much !!!
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1answer
51 views

how to estimate phylogeny without DNA sequences?

I am new to bioinformatics, I am reading ‘Analysis of Phylogenetics Second Edition and Evolution with R’ from Emmanuel Paradis. I can create phylogeny from DNA sequences, by first calculating the ...
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1answer
50 views

Why does the Genbank phylogenetic tree of 4000 sars-cov-2 sequences only display 200 nodes?

I manually selected all 4000 sequences on the 20 pages of the SARS-CoV-2 sequences on genbank here. When I click on Build phylogenetic tree, it only has 200 nodes. ...
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2answers
611 views

How to create a .phy file for constructing a phylogenetic tree?

I'm new here. I need to construct a phylogenetic tree from 16s Sequence data (merged 151 bp) and color the branches/nodes based on my experimental conditions. From this blog, it looks like I need a ....
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1answer
129 views

Weird phylogenetic tree

I am required to create a phylogenetic tree(s) of my genes of interest and am currently blasting (tblastn) my genes of interest from S. mediterranea against model systems before expanding my search. ...
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2answers
58 views

Protein model quality assessment

How do I perform protein model quality assessment? I will obtain predicted structures from DMPfold, I-Tasser, and Rosetta, what should be the next approach to select a structure from among this set ...
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1answer
70 views

How do I interpret the function O(f^-2 log n) in Shekhar et al. (2017)?

The results of Shekhar et al. (2017) "indicate that ASTRAL requires $\mathcal{O}(f^{-2} \log{n})$ gene trees to reconstruct the species tree correctly with ...
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1answer
942 views

How do I interpret my phylogenetic tree construction from Glucosidases in the Actinobacteria class?

Dear knowledgeable bioinformaticians, I'm currently pursuing an undergraduate degree and as a result I do not have so much knowledge in this topic. I'm having some troubles understanding my ...
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1answer
73 views

A basic question about phylogenetic inference with Bayes-MCMC

I am new to the world world of Bayesian-MCMC inference and have been working my way through various texts. I am having some difficulty understanding how MCMC works. I understand that it is a way of ...
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1answer
65 views

How to import a phylogenetic tree (in nexus format) with node support values in R

I have a phylogenetic tree in nexus format that was generated with RAxML. In the tree file, there are node support values. I want to plot this tree in R with the support values showing. However, when ...
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1answer
28 views

Measure the purifying selection for certain taxa along a phylogeny

I am posting this message because I need clarity about the analysis I want to perform. In my analysis, I have a homologous gene in 13 species, and I would like to evaluate the selection pressure of ...
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1answer
32 views

panic: division of zero by zero or infinity by infinity error when running GODON positive selection analysis

I am using godon to find genes under positive selection with the branch-site test. However, after running for a little while I get the error "panic: division ...
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1answer
50 views

Standard for when to collapse phylogenetically uninformative nodes

I have been creating phylogenetic trees using RAxML (using Boostrap + ML) and I end up with a bestTree file, outputted in newick format. When I open up the tree in FigTree, I notice that it collapses ...
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1answer
117 views

What does instantaneous rate matrix mean?

PhyML is a tool used for maximum likelihood estimation analysis. I was running a PhyML analysis to check the rate of nucleotide change in DNA sequences and in the PhyML output, there are rate ...
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1answer
144 views

Adding external annotation to the phylogeny tree

I was looking to overlay annotation on my phylogeny made,which was solved here question asked where i was looking to compare two different phylogeny which i could do. Now i want to label the tips ...
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1answer
54 views

Generate an appropriate output from DNaSP6 to Arlequin program

I am performing a haplotype and nucleotide diversity analysis of my Sanger sequences (from Watermelon mosaic virus coat protein region) using the Arlequin program. My aim is to see the probability ...
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1answer
50 views

Why do we scale the rate matrix of a substitution model to make the average rate of substitution equal 1?

The matrix of transition probabilities for a substitution model Q over time t is found as follows: $e^{Qt}$. Since Q and t only show up as a product, we cannot distinguish time and rate of change. So ...
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1answer
33 views

How to seperate the genus into different group based on th ANI calculation?

I've calculated the ANI of the streptomyces genus, but I'm confused about how to separate them into a different group, could anybody kindly tell me how to do that? Thanks!!!
1
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1answer
61 views

How to construct the phylogenetic tree of the whole genus?

I am confused about how to construct the phylogenetic tree of the streptomyces genus. The taxonomy of the streptomyces genus is mostly based on the MLST method, but now I need to use the gene data ...
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2answers
45 views

Download sequences of isoforms

I want to collect all isoforms of all genes (Fasta/Fastq file of nucleotide and protein sequences) Arabidopsis Col-0. I am wondering if there is a straightforward way to download the file from any ...
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1answer
105 views

a package with randomization/permutation tests for genomic analyses

please would you let me know, is there a package in R/python/C that has implemented randomization/permutation tests for joint genomic analyses (an example of joint genomic analyses -- when jointly ...
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1answer
156 views

Interpreting quantitive outputs from maximum likelihood phylogenetic trees

I ran a calculation in RAxML to determine the majority consensus phylogeny of a maximum likelihood bootstrap (How to show bootstrap values on a phylogenetic tree constructed with RAxML), and I got ...
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1answer
74 views

What software can I use to develop a population haplotype network?

I looking for software to conduct a haplotype network using cytochrome oxidase (CO1) mitochondrial sequence data to study population structure in Anopheles mosquitoes.
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3answers
223 views

16S species-level taxonomic assignment--what is the current state of the art?

We currently use DADA2 for picking ASVs and the assignTaxonomy funciton for assingment to genera. Google does bring up various recent articles on species-level ...
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1answer
89 views

How to make a robust amino acid phylogeny with adequate robustness support

This is the second part of this thread: Duplicated genes and genome fragmentation As @Michael G. suggested, I did a pseudo-annotation of sequences 5-2 and 5-3 (i.e., I joined both sequences into one)...
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1answer
58 views

Calculating Unifrac Distance and missing data

I am trying to calculate unifrac distance for my OTU table, which has about 3000 taxa, and 300 samples. My phylogenetic tree only considers the most important 500 taxa. My questions are: Do I ignore ...
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2answers
461 views

How can I find out if my gene of interest is duplicated?

To identify homologous genes, I performed tBLASTn analyses against my genome of interest resulting in sequences of a closely related species. Using this method, I found two (and in some cases up to ...