Questions tagged [sequencing]

DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule.

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18
votes
2answers
3k views

How can we distinguish between true zero and dropout-zero counts in single-cell RNA-seq?

In single-cell RNA-seq data we have an inflated number of 0 (or near-zero) counts due to low mRNA capture rate and other inefficiencies. How can we decide which genes are 0 due to gene dropout (lack ...
164
votes
4answers
90k views

Why does the SARS-Cov2 coronavirus genome end in aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa (33 a's)?

The SARS-Cov2 coronavirus's genome was released, and is now available on Genbank. Looking at it... ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Why do ten rows (Figure_1) correspond to 2 bits (Figure_2) in a sequence logo?

Following this question, I'm confused with the computation of sequence logo Following data comes from the book "Machine Learning - A Probabilistic Perspective (Figure_1)" here is the corresponding ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Which quality score encoding does PacBio use?

Do you know which quality score encoding PacBio uses now? I know some of their file formats have changed in the past year or two, but I haven't found much on their quality score encoding. The most ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Is it possible for coronavirus or SARS to be synthetic?

I have heard several conspiracy theories regarding the origin of the new coronavirus, 2019-nCov. For example that the virus and/or SARS were produced in a laboratory or were some variant of Middle ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

How do you generate read-length vs read-quality plot for long-read sequencing data (e.g., MinION)?

How do you generate read-length vs read-quality plot (heat map with histograms in the margin) for long-read sequencing data from the Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) MinION? The MinKNOW software ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

How do PCR duplicates arise and why is it important to remove them for NGS analysis?

I am trying to understand PCR duplicates in NGS analyses (actually whole-genome). I searched, and the best answer I found is in this blog. However I don't understand if I understood how PCR ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

A new paper suggests the Corona Virus has "Uncanny similarity of unique inserts in the 2019-nCoV spike protein to HIV-1" - What does this mean?

Quote: We found 4 insertions in the spike glycoprotein (S) which are unique to the 2019-nCoV and are not present in other coronaviruses. Importantly, amino acid residues in all the 4 inserts have ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

What is the index fastq file (sample_I*.fastq.gz) generated when demultiplexing Illumina paired-end runs?

What is the index fastq file that comes with some Illumina sequencing datasets? (The samplename_I*.fastq.gz file.) For example, I recently received some 10X ...
4
votes
2answers
620 views

Why are there missing calls in a VCF file from exome sequencing?

My data is a VCF file generated from an exome sequencing variant call pipeline. I'm not very familiar with the sequencing and variant calling process. I noticed that there are some missing genotypes, ...
5
votes
1answer
115 views

Extracting sequences from FASTA beginning with common 5' end

I am trying to figure out the best way to extract sequences from a FASTA file which begin with a common 5' region of 43 nucleotides. Preferably, I would like to to allow for "fuzziness" in this region ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

How do I validate a single sample ArrayCGH result?

We have arrayCGH (aCGH) results for one sample. There is a 0.5 Mb terminal duplication on chromosome 19 (62995490-63407936, according to NCBI36/hg18). The duplication is rare: a literature review ...
1
vote
1answer
378 views

What is "aligned sequences" and "consensus sequence" in the context of sequence logo? How to compute these?

In bioinformatics, a sequence logo is a graphical representation of the sequence conservation of nucleotides (in a strand of DNA/RNA) or amino acids (in protein sequences). so, What is "aligned ...