Questions tagged [taxonomy]

Use for questions involving the assignment of a taxonomic groups to each species, the ordering of species into categories of different hierarchical value, or the classification of organisms into species, genus, family, order, class and phylum.

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Parsing text within a taxonomy.csv file

I have the following file in tab separated values (TSV). ID Taxonomy 76980f6d906c6baaef3f96559fc7ba1b d__Eukaryota; p__Cercozoa; c__Vampyrellidae; o__Vampyrellidae; f__Vampyrellidae; g__uncultured ...
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  • 101
3 votes
2 answers
56 views

How can I download from NCBI all the ITS genes and the related taxonomy?

I would like to download all the ITS1 and ITS2 genes from NCBI in a fasta file. And, I'd like to download even the related taxonomy of each sequence. Thanks, Marco
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4 votes
1 answer
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Assign multiple taxids to a sequence when constructing a local BLAST database

I recently had a script fail due to poor handling of BLAST output. The BLAST -outfmt staxids field usually returns a single taxid, but occasionally it returns two ...
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1 vote
2 answers
41 views

Mapping NCBI taxID to divergence time?

I want to map NCBI taxID, specifically a pair of Genbank sequences, to the divergence time estimate of their common ancestor. For example, using a coalescence theory approach predominantly used in ...
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1 vote
1 answer
51 views

List of all Latin word parts used in Biological Taxonomy?

I seem to have determined that there are 287,614 unique Latin taxonomic names used in the biological taxonomy according to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) taxonomy taxon.txt file. ...
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  • 133
1 vote
0 answers
28 views

Tool that can sort NCBI taxonomy ids based on phylogeny

I have a set of NCBI txids (of varying ranks) that I want to sort in some way (e.g. a table or a tree, the way it is sorted isn't super important), based on the current NCBI data for phylogenetic ...
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  • 11
2 votes
1 answer
34 views

Demovir produces an empty output

I am new to bioinformatics and am working on viral metagenomic (virome) datasets and so would like to use Demovir* for doing taxonomic annotations on my viral contigs. First, I installed all ...
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1 vote
1 answer
110 views

Find species from FASTA files

In a school project we got the task of finding the species from two FASTA files. We got some hints of what to look for, like it is a unicellular eukaryote and that we can use blast. We don't know if ...
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  • 21
1 vote
2 answers
446 views

Download complete Phylogenetic Tree as JSON

I would like to integrate the phylogenetic tree into a website. Does anyone know where I can download the complete tree? Best would be a JSON, which looks something like this: ...
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  • 111
0 votes
1 answer
19 views

Comparing groups of 16S rRNA sequences - how to?

I have several groups of 16S rRNA sequences associated with taxonomic groups (let's call them A, B and C). The sequences within each group have a common ancestor and are on average more closely ...
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  • 627
2 votes
2 answers
57 views

Software for taxonomic assignment?

I have a couple of hundred bacterial sequences of 2-30 genes of interest each, recovered from metagenomics. None of them encode rRNA. Normally I'd just BLAST the one gene I already know to be reliable ...
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  • 627
4 votes
0 answers
372 views

Kraken2 > OTU format > Phyloseq

A collaborator has passed me over Kraken2 outputs *.report and *.kraken, from a metatranscriptomic sequencing experiment conducted on the minION. I would like to make a tree if the data using a ...
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0 votes
0 answers
23 views

Generating taxonomic hierarchy by species/genus name

I am attempting to create a reference library of DNA plant barcodes in the ITS2 barcode region for plants from a specific region (Panama). I downloaded all the sequences for plants that resulted in a ...
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  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
37 views

Determine if an organism is microbic or unicellular

I am doing some metagenomic analysis of samples which can only contain microbes due to the experimental setup. For this, it would be useful to be able to distinguish whether a specific organism is a ...
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  • 101
1 vote
0 answers
65 views

Analyzing a blast result of NGS data

I am analyzing BLAST results from total RNA NGS, pair ends. This BLAST results was performed against the ssRNA virus database download from NCBI. I filtered those read data whose paired ends ...
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4 votes
1 answer
342 views

What is a proper way for random subsampling of metagenomic data?

Let's say we have a metagenomic sample that is paired-end FASTQ files including 10,000,000 DNA reads collected using shotgun sequencing. How would one make a random subsample of the mentioned ...
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  • 53
1 vote
1 answer
49 views

Which taxonomy data type to use for abundance graphs and statistical analyses?

At our institution we have had some debate about this topic. So let me give some background: Qiime2 produces a OTU table which shows the number of sequences that matched to a specific OTU. It also ...
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1 vote
3 answers
298 views

Python module for fetching NCBI id for a list of species

I have a list of scientific names of species. Is there a python module that can fetch NCBI taxonomy IDs?
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2 votes
0 answers
103 views

How to apply RDP, Greengenes and other special taxonomies in Krona?

I used Kraken 2 to classify my 16S metagenomic data using both RDP and Greengenes database. As these are special databases the taxonomic ids assigned do not match with the NCBI taxonomic ids. I found ...
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2 votes
2 answers
125 views

Looking for a taxonomic dataset that links tree genera (or species) to families

I am looking for a taxonomic dataset that would allow me to links tree genera (or species) to families. In particular, I am interested in the tropical species found in the Amazon. I found a long but ...
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  • 123
1 vote
1 answer
463 views

Python scripting with ete3 to query NCBI's Taxonomy: "sqlite3 Warning (can only execute one statement at a time)"

I am using this script: ...
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  • 245
4 votes
1 answer
692 views

In calculating the retention index, why do we use the character state with the lowest frequency?

To calculate the retention index for a phylogenetic tree, we use the following formula: $$\frac{\text{maximum number of steps on tree - number of steps on the tree}} {\text{maximum number of steps on ...
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  • 297
8 votes
2 answers
586 views

Are these standard species abbreviations and how to look up others?

Reactome uses a three letter code for each species which are listed below. Are the letter codes used by Reactome a standard? If so is there a web page or download file that can validate the code and ...
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  • 315
8 votes
1 answer
537 views

Using a Bash Script to search TaxIDs against NCBI's Taxonomy yields "400 Bad Request" error?

I've been searching TaxIDs against NCBI's Taxonomy DB to get taxonomic lineages for species. I have successfully done this for 1,000's of TaxIDs that were returned to me by Blast+ blasts in a CSV. (...
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  • 245
2 votes
1 answer
26 views

What is the difference between the entity_src_genCategory tag and the entity_src_natCategory tag in pdb-xmls?

I want to read out the taxonomy id of the source organism of a pdb entry using the xml-file of the entry that is provided under ...
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  • 23
5 votes
2 answers
261 views

Microbial diversity analysis using whole-genome metagenomic data

I have data, obtained from a single metagenomic DNA sample, that consists of two MiSeq FASTQ files (R1 and R2) that I merged using PEAR. Now I want to estimate the abundances of the bacteria taxa to ...
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  • 141
10 votes
5 answers
4k views

How to convert species names into common names?

I’m trying to find common names from a list of scientific names (not all will have them though). I was attempting to use taxize in R but it aborts if it doesn’t ...
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