Umbrella term for understanding any given nucleic acid sequence code, either as a locus, loci or genome with itself or as a comparison to comparable nucleic acid sequence code either intraspecifically or interspecifically
Sequence analysis includes a very wide range of relevant topics:
The comparison of sequences in order to find similarity, often to infer if they are related (homologous)
Identification of intrinsic features of the sequence such as active sites, post translational modification sites,gene-structures, reading frames, distributions of introns and exons and regulatory elements.
Identification of sequence differences and variations such as point mutations and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in order to get the genetic marker.
Revealing the evolution and genetic diversity of sequences and organisms
Identification of molecular structure from sequence alone
Defines the fields of population genetics, phylogenetics and any field of comparative 'omics'